Safe migration aims to prevent human trafficking and develop child friendly communities in tea plantations. This is undertaken through the implementation of awareness programs pertaining to trafficking, of networking to rescue and rehabilitate victims and of educating communities on their rights and entitlements.
Safe Migration runs in 6 tea plantations:
DMWSC entered Sukna in 2010 and has remained up until 2016.
The scenario in this area has changed when compared to the last three years. The lack of awareness amongst the community still prevails but some of the women’s groups have started to speak of their own rights and entitlements. The issues of alcohol abuse and domestic violence are still in practice. Having said this, the collaborative organization within the community’s management has also been organized through sensitization programs. The latter bring into discussion ways to promote the awareness of domestic violence through various means such as legal awareness, training on recognizing human trafficking, promoting human rights, film screening of different types of domestic violence and various laws related to it. This helps in creating mass awareness, which leads to building capacities among men and women in the community.
There is a need for more training and awareness programmes on the issues of education, health, protection and nutrition. These must be linked with local governmental bodies. Despite the organization’s attempt to work for the community, it has been observed that the staff went through mental pressure as the community’s residents were not supportive. This is due to different reasons (mention some of these reasons). Moreover, the organization’s staff is still trying to mobilize the community so that it may function more proactively. Well planned linkages should be made with the local authorities as the community cooperate adequately with local authorities. This will help them immensely in the developmental process of the community.
Furthermore, more projects must implement activities that promote public awareness of the hazards related to child and women rights issues.
DMWSC entered the New Chumta in 2013 and has remained up until 2016.
Compared to that of last year, the situation in this area has improved in terms of community participation. The people have taken great initiative/active roles in making decisions in their villages with the support of service providers. The involvement of Tea Garden Management, the Panchayat Raj Institutions and Block Level Administration has improved over time. One issue discussed during the time of evaluation was that the people in this area are much more aware of the importance of education. The community shared its involvement by emphasizing the importance of education that children must acquire while providing them with the means to attend school. Moreover, the people are also aware of basic women and child protection rights.
DMWSC entered Putinbari in 2010 and has remained up until 2016.
It has been observed that the people in this area are aware of different schemes available through the government. Much progress has been observed regarding early childhood development in this area. Most families avail of the facilities provided by ICDS centres. This community is aware of all their rights and women are now extremely proactive in speaking up for their rights and entitlements. The problem of alcohol abuse and domestic violence is rare. SHG groups, Bal Panchayat, VLCPC, and the Youth group are all actively involved in this village. Even the tea estate guides the community and cooperates well with them in a time of crisis.
DMWSC entered the Mohargaon in 2010 and has remained up until 2016.
From the field visit, it was observed that child labour has been reduced greatly as the parents now send their children to school. Child marriage is also another predominant issue being addressed by the team in this tea garden. It has been observed that the girls from this tea garden are easily swayed by advances made by men outside the village. Therefore, there is a high risk of girls being trafficked and exploited from this community. Therefore, it is important to concretely inform the community and increase the involvement of the PRI members in the safe migration project and introduce safe migration cards in the village with support from PRI.
As of this year, this tea garden has implemented 100 days of work which encourages the community’s unemployed persons to understand the need of obtaining schemes as income generating programs. Networking with ICDS workers, with primary teachers and with union leaders should be more effective. Regular meetings are not conducted in the respective project areas as it has been observed that there is a high rate of staff turnover in this garden. One important activity that needs to be done in this village is the area mapping of the vulnerable groups. Also, the committees have to be strengthened and formed anew in this village with frequent monitoring and evaluation in this particular area. Community participation was not observed and no support from PRIs and local authorities was seen in this area. The strengthening of children and women groups is highly required in this location.
DMWSC entered Dagapur in 2010 and has remained up until 2016.
Compared to Dagapur’s male population, the illiteracy rate of women is substantially higher. Due to the high illiteracy rate among women, a self-help group was formed among them and through this, they have been empowered and have become aware of their rights and entitlements. From our findings and analysis, it was discovered that child trafficking is rarely taking place in this area. Most children do attend school but their attendance was not constant. There is still a need for more awareness generating programs which would tackle problems of alcoholism, where alcohol has led to domestic violence and unemployment amongst numerous families. Some children work on behalf of their parents, a fact which reveals the reasoning behind school dropouts and early marriage. No incidents of child and women trafficking have been reported from this area in the last year.
Constant sensitization programs on basic human rights and the provision of governmental schemes must be initiated. There is also a need for more training and awareness programs on the issues of education, health, protection and nutrition. These are to be linked with local government bodies. Despite the organization’s attempt to work for the community, the people are not willing to participate in any programs. No proper coordination with the government officials and not so adequate network with their PDO and BDO was also seen in this area.
One of the major problems facing the residents of this tea garden is a lack of proper drinking water. With support from DMWSC donors/benefactors this area was provided with support in the construction of a well so that the villagers could access clean drinking water. Yet, one well for the entire tea garden is not sufficient. This has therefore led villagers to pledge to the Block office to do something about this issue. Subsequently, they requested the construction of six or more wells. Unfortunately, due to inter-political fighting and problems in bureaucracy, not much progress has been made in this front.
DMWSC entered Nishchintapur in 2013 and has remained up until 2016.
2013-2014 CINI supported us with our initial projects in the area.
It has been observed that the project activity, initially limited to only one line of the tea garden last year, has expanded its service to other lines of the garden. With the “Education for All” aim in view, a zero dropout (percentage) in India is planned to be ensured by 2010. Yet, it shows that some children from this garden are already out of school mainly because the majority of them leave school to work in the tea garden for a nominal amount of money. Child marriage and child trafficking are non-existent in this area although there were some incidents earlier this year that some people from the city had visited the garden with the intention of looking for housemaids. The community immediately informed governmental representatives and prevented the children concerned from becoming victims of domestic labour. Moreover, the people are also aware of what constitutes basic women and child protection rights.
Various sensitization programs were organized by DMWSC regarding safe migration. However, a better form of networking needs to be developed with PDO and BDO in order to discover different schemes that may be available through the government.
All six areas have Child Protection Vigilance Committees, BAL Panchayat, Youth Groups and Adolescents groups. The area has both home tracking and child tracking registers.